MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PERMUKIMAN KUMUH PERKOTAAN SEBAGAI ELEMEN DASAR BAGI COMMUNITY-BASED HOUSING DEVELOPMENT (CBHD)

MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PERMUKIMAN KUMUH PERKOTAAN SEBAGAI ELEMEN DASAR BAGI COMMUNITY-BASED HOUSING DEVELOPMENT (CBHD)

Studi Kasus Kelurahan Tipes Kota Surakarta Indonesia

Winny Astuti
Email: winnyast@yahoo.com
Ana Hardiana

Email: anahardiana@yahoo.co.id

Dyah Widi Astuti
Emai: Dyahwidi@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Community-based Housing Development (CBHD) is a one of the housing delivery systems in Indonesia based on strengthening Community institution and organization based through community-empowerment. Slum is a contiguous settlement where the inhabitants are characterized as having inadequate housing and basic services as well as low quality of environment. As an urban phenomenon, slums become determinant of urban poverty. The difficulties of slum’s community in escaping from poverty are mostly caused by limitation of community organization in giving access for community inclusion, security and empowerment. Therefore, the CBHD becomes an instrument for empowering communities to act for themselves, through Community-based Organization. Model of community empowerment for urban slum’s settlement (Model of PMPKB) becomes instrument for escaping slum’s community from poverty by  developing tools to plan and integrate with rolling plan of the city for solving the problems of environment. The aims of the research are firstly to review the implementation of Model PMPKB in Kelurahan Tipes Kota Surakarta; secondly to explore teori and concept of CBHD related to development of community capacity and finally to analyze the results of community need assessment integrated to indicator of poverty alleviation and environmental quality improvement. The research found that Model of PMPKB as a part of CBHD has contributed to alleviation of poverty by firstly, in the short term icreasing participation of slums community in planning of their neighborhood, through understanding of their problems, potencies and opportunities ,while in the  long-term is improving environmental quality of urban slum area.

Kata kunci : pemberdayaan masyarakat, perumahan, kemiskinan, Surakarta