Concept of Sustainable Community Empowerment and Planning For Urban Slum Settlements

Concept of Sustainable

Community Empowerment and Planning

For Urban Slum Settlements

Winny Astuti , Ana Hardiana , and Dyah Widi Astuti

Study Program of Urban and Regional Planning (PWK )

Center for Information and Regional Development (PIPW LPPM)

University of Sebelas Maret Surakarta Indonesia

winnyast@yahoo.com; winnyast@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

A slum is a contiguous settlement where the inhabitants are characterized as having inadequate housing and basic services. This is an urban phenomenon, which also determinant of urban poverty, which is obviously not recognized and addressed by the public authorities as an integral or equal part of the city. The unstructured growth of slums is also a major cause of environmental degradation, such as pollution, high density, social degradation, etc. The condition is getting worse by ignorance of the community regarding the environment. Therefore an effort to integrate planning of slum area as a part of rolling plan of city planning as equal part of the city is very important. Community understanding about their environmental problems and planning for their own area and integrating it with the city planning is a basic effort to sustain slum community empowerment. This research was conducted in the 5 villages (Kelurahan) in Surakarta by involving the stakeholder of Kelurahan in recognizing their environmental problems; and Generating Community Action Plan. The Method using in this research is Participatory Action Research.

The research found that concept of Sustainable Slum Community Empowerment is begin from: developing approach of human settlements development as a part of poverty alleviation strategy; involvement of slum community and stakeholder in planning, implementation and monitoring-evaluation of program; increasing access pf slum community to a supportive legal and regulatory framework especially in the city level.

Key words: Human Settlements; Slums; Poverty; Community Empowerment; Sustainable; Participatory Planning

[1][1] Paper presented in international conference of Green Architecture and Solution, ITS Surabaya 2009